Django – how to force user to select a certain amount of options in a checbox modelform?


I’m making a simple survey built around a modelform:

class Fruits(models.Model):
     author = models.ForeignKey(settings.AUTH_USER_MODEL, on_delete=models.CASCADE)
     title = models.CharField(max_length=200, default='')
     text = models.TextField(default='')
     banana = models.BooleanField(default=False)
     grape = models.BooleanField(default=False)
     apple = models.BooleanField(default=False)
     mango = models.BooleanField(default=False)

class FruitPicker(ModelForm):
    class Meta:
        model = Fruits
        fields = [
    widgets = {
        'text': forms.Textarea(attrs={"style": "height:10em;" "width:60em;"}),
        'banana': forms.CheckboxInput(attrs={"style": "margin-left:350px;"}),
        'grape': forms.CheckboxInput(attrs={"style": "margin-left:350px;"}),
        'apple': forms.CheckboxInput(attrs={"style": "margin-left:350px;"}),
        'mango': forms.CheckboxInput(attrs={"style": "margin-left:350px;"})

Now let’s say I want to make sure the user has to select a minimum amount of 2 fruits, but a maximum amount of 3. How would I go about doing this on the back-end?


You can override the clean method of the form to check if between two and three BooleanFields are checked:

from django.core.exceptions import ValidationError

class FruitPicker(ModelForm):
     # ⋮

    def clean(self, *args, **kwargs):
        data = super().clean(*args, **kwargs)
        total = sum([data[x] for x in ['banana', 'grape', 'apple', 'mango']])
        if not (2 <= total <= 3):
            raise ValidationError('You should select between 2 and 3 fruits.')
        return data

Here the sum(…) sums up the booleans and uses 0 for False, and 1 for True, it thus counts the number of Trues. If that number is not between 2 and 3, then it raises a ValidationError.

Answered By – Willem Van Onsem

This Answer collected from stackoverflow, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

Leave a Reply

(*) Required, Your email will not be published