Django Shell No module named settings

Issue

I’ve deployed Django to Apache via mod_wsgi. Django is running fine when hosted from Apache. However, I’m trying to do some maintenance via manage.py, but when I try and run it, I get the error:

Error: Could not import settings ‘myproject.settings’ (Is it on sys.path?): No module named settings

user@localhost:~$ cd /usr/local/myproject
user@localhost:/usr/local/myproject$ ls
drwxr-xr-x 2 apache apache   4096 2011-09-07 19:38 apache
-rw-r--r-- 1 apache apache      0 2011-05-25 14:52 __init__.py
-rw-r--r-- 1 apache apache    813 2011-09-09 16:56 manage.py
drwxr-xr-x 6 apache apache   4096 2011-09-09 16:43 myapp
-rw-r--r-- 1 apache apache   4992 2011-09-07 19:31 settings.py
drwxr-xr-x 4 apache apache   4096 2011-09-08 20:32 templates
-rw-r--r-- 1 apache apache   1210 2011-09-08 14:49 urls.py

Django seems to be ignoring the DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE environment variable.

user@localhost:~$ cd /usr/local/myproject
user@localhost:/usr/local/myproject$ export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=settings
user@localhost:/usr/local/myproject$ python manage.py shell
Error: Could not import settings 'myproject.settings' (Is it on sys.path?): No module named settings
user@localhost:/usr/local/myproject$ python
Python 2.6.5 (r265:79063, Apr 16 2010, 13:57:41) 
[GCC 4.4.3] on linux2
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>> import settings
>>> 

Just to confirm I wasn’t going crazy, I commented out everything inside manage.py except the import settings line, and it ran correctly.

I’ve also tried setting os.environ['DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE'] = 'settings' and sys.path.append('/usr/local/myproject') directly at the top of manage.py, to no avail.

What’s going on here? Why is Django using the wrong settings module name? This is driving me crazy.

Solution

This can happen if your root directory name is the same as the name of one of your apps. For example here I have a directory called bar containing a Django project with an app also called bar:

Simons-MacBook-Pro ~/temp
$ cd bar

Simons-MacBook-Pro ~/temp/bar
$ ./manage.py shell
Error: Could not import settings 'bar.settings' (Is it on sys.path?): No module named settings

Simons-MacBook-Pro ~/temp/bar
$ ls -l
total 48
-rw-r--r--  1 simon  staff     0 25 Oct 10:46 __init__.py
-rw-r--r--  1 simon  staff   130 25 Oct 10:46 __init__.pyc
drwxr-xr-x  7 simon  staff   238 25 Oct 10:46 bar
-rwxr-xr-x  1 simon  staff   503 25 Oct 10:46 manage.py
-rw-r--r--  1 simon  staff  5025 25 Oct 10:46 settings.py
-rw-r--r--  1 simon  staff  2658 25 Oct 10:46 settings.pyc
-rw-r--r--  1 simon  staff   556 25 Oct 10:46 urls.py

Changing the root directory’s name to foo (or anything else other than bar) solves the problem:

Simons-MacBook-Pro ~/temp/bar
$ cd ..

Simons-MacBook-Pro ~/temp
$ mv bar foo

Simons-MacBook-Pro ~/temp
$ cd foo

Simons-MacBook-Pro ~/temp/foo
$ ./manage.py shell
Python 2.7.1 (r271:86832, Jun 16 2011, 16:59:05) 
[GCC 4.2.1 (Based on Apple Inc. build 5658) (LLVM build 2335.15.00)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
(InteractiveConsole)
>>> 

Answered By – Simon Whitaker

This Answer collected from stackoverflow, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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