ES6 – Finding data in nested arrays

Issue

In ES6 using find or filter I’m quite comfortable iterating through to find an element in an array using a value.

However, I’m trying to get a value from a parent array based upon a value from a nested array.

For example, in this data structure:

products: [
  {
    id: 01,
    items: [
      {
        id: 01,
        name: 'apple'
      },
      {
        id: 02,
        name: 'banana'
      },
      {
        id: 03,
        name: 'orange'
      }
    ]
  },
  {
    id: 02,
    items: [
      {
        id: 01,
        name: 'carrot'
      },
      {
        id: 02,
        name: 'lettuce'
      },
      {
        id: 03,
        name: 'peas'
      }
    ]
  },
  {
    id: 03,
    items: [
      {
        id: 01,
        name: 'eggs'
      },
      {
        id: 02,
        name: 'bread'
      },
      {
        id: 03,
        name: 'milk'
      }
    ]
  }
]

If I know the name or id of the object milk, is there a way to find out the id of the element it’s nested within?

Currently I have this:

products.find((product) => {
  product.find((prod) => {
    return prod.name === 'milk';
  });
});

Which only returns the object containing milk.

Solution

You have to return something from the callback of the outer find. In fact, for the inner iteration you shouldn’t use find but rather some that returns a boolean for whether an element matching the condition exists within the arrray:

products.find((product) => {
  return product.items.some((item) => {
//^^^^^^
    return item.name === 'milk';
  });
});

or in short:

products.find(product => product.items.some(item => item.name === 'milk'));

Then check whether find found something (not null!) and get its .id, the result should be 03. Alternatively, you can filter for the products containing milk as an item and then map all the results to their id:

products.filter(product =>
  product.items.some(item => item.name === 'milk');
).map(product =>
  product.id
) // [03]

Answered By – Bergi

This Answer collected from stackoverflow, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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