Express middleware "TypeError: Converting circular structure to JSON" when sending a non-circular JSON


I am using the following function as middleware and want to send the length of the array (req.session.songArray.length) as a JSON however any JSON I attempt to send through res gives the error below. I understand that circular objects cannot be JSON stringified but just trying to use { num: 20 } gives this error and I am not sure why. When I remove the res.status.json line the code runs without errors. I am using npm packages genius-lyrics and express-session for insight.

async function initSongArray(req, res, next){
    const searches = await;
    let songNum = 0
    while((searches[songNum]'&')) && req.params.and === 0){
        console.log("& detected")
    req.session.artist = searches[songNum].artist;
    req.session.songArray = await req.session.artist.songs({sort: 'popularity', perPage: 20, page: 1});
    req.session.currPage = 2
    res.status(200).json( { num: 20 } )

app.get('/artist/:artist/:and', initSongArray)

var str = JSON.stringify(sess, function (key, val) {

TypeError: Converting circular structure to JSON
–> starting at object with constructor ‘Client’
| property ‘songs’ -> object with constructor ‘SongsClient’
— property ‘client’ closes the circle
at JSON.stringify ()
at hash (C:\Users\bgrie\Desktop\a\compsci.websites\typesiteNode\node_modules\express-session\index.js:598:18)
at isModified (C:\Users\bgrie\Desktop\a\compsci.websites\typesiteNode\node_modules\express-session\index.js:426:57)
at shouldSave (C:\Users\bgrie\Desktop\a\compsci.websites\typesiteNode\node_modules\express-session\index.js:448:11)
at ServerResponse.end (C:\Users\bgrie\Desktop\a\compsci.websites\typesiteNode\node_modules\express-session\index.js:334:11)
at ServerResponse.send (C:\Users\bgrie\Desktop\a\compsci.websites\typesiteNode\node_modules\express\lib\response.js:232:10)
at ServerResponse.json (C:\Users\bgrie\Desktop\a\compsci.websites\typesiteNode\node_modules\express\lib\response.js:278:15)
at initSongArray (C:\Users\bgrie\Desktop\a\compsci.websites\typesiteNode\index.js:70:21)
at processTicksAndRejections (node:internal/process/task_queues:96:5)


The session is trying to serialize its data into JSON in order to save it to the session store. So, you’re trying to put something in the session that has a circular reference in it and thus can’t be serialized that way. So, apparently, searches[songNum].artist is not just a simple object. It must have references to other objects that then create a circular reference.

I’d suggest you create a new object and assign just a few simple properties from searches[songNum].artist that you actually need in the session.

Probably searches[songNum].artist has some database stuff in it. If your database has a .toObject() method or something like that, it may be useful to turn it into a plain object.

Answered By – jfriend00

This Answer collected from stackoverflow, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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