[Fixed] CSP error while serving with express (with helmet) an app created with create-react-app


I’m struggling with serving a build created with "create-react-app" using Express with Helmet. I’m getting several errors in the explorer console related to Content Security Policy:


Of course, it isn’t showing the app. I noticed that if a remove Helmet as middleware in Express it works but that’s not the solution I want. This is my server code:

const express = require('express');
const helmet = require('helmet');
const cors = require('cors');
const morgan = require('morgan');
const bodyParser = require('body-parser');

 * Server Configuration

const whitelist = [];

const app = express();

// Express Configurations

// Enable reverse proxy support in Express. This causes the the "X-Forwarded-Proto" header field to be trusted so its
// value can be used to determine the protocol. See // http://expressjs.com/api#app-settings for more details.

app.enable('trust proxy');

app.use(morgan('dev')); // Log every request to the console
app.use(helmet()); // Configure secure Headers
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: false })); // Enable parsing of http request body

// CORS Configuration

const corsOptions = {
  origin: (origin, callback) => {

    if (whitelist.indexOf(origin) !== -1 || !origin) {

      callback(null, true);

    } else {

      callback(new Error('Not allowed by CORS'));



app.use(cors(corsOptions)); // Allow CORS

 * Launcher method

app.start = () => {

  // start node server
  const port = process.env.PORT || 3000;
  app.listen(port, () => {

    console.log(`App UI available http://localhost:${port}`);
      `Swagger UI available http://localhost:${port}/swagger/api-docs`,



 * App Initialization

function initializeApp(readyCallback) {

  readyCallback(null, app);


module.exports = (readyCallback) => {



Can anyone give me a hand? Thanks in advance!


Helmet maintainer here.

This is happening because of something called Content Security Policy, which Helmet sets by default. To solve your problem, you will need to configure Helmet’s CSP.

MDN has a good documentation about CSP which I would recommend reading for background. After that, take a look at Helmet’s README to see how to configure its CSP component.

To give some help specific to this question, let’s take a look at one error you’re seeing:

Content Security Policy: This page's settings blocked the loading of a resource at inline ("script-src").

This error is telling you that the script-src directive of your CSP does not allow inline JavaScript, and so it was blocked.

This is considered "inline" JavaScript:

<script>console.log('hello world!')</script>

This, however, is not:

<script src="/foo.js"></script>

There are several ways to fix this:

  1. Add a hash or nonce to the inline <script> and use that in your CSP. See this example on MDN for help.

  2. Refactor your app to avoid inline scripts entirely.

  3. Update your CSP to allow unsafe inline scripts. You’d do something like this:

        contentSecurityPolicy: {
          directives: {
            "script-src": ["'self'", "'unsafe-inline'", "example.com"],

    Note that this is considered unsafe.

  4. Disable CSP. This is the most dangerous option so I don’t recommend it.

        contentSecurityPolicy: false,

Your other errors, such as the fonts.googleapis.com error, refer to default-src, which is the fallback if a directive is not specified.

In summary: to solve your problem, you will need to tell Helmet to configure your CSP.

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