[Fixed] Test a function that contains a setTimeout()


I have a close function in my component that contains a setTimeout() in order to give time for the animation to complete.

public close() {
    this.animate = "inactive"
    setTimeout(() => {
       this.show = false
    }, 250)

this.show is bound to an ngIf.

this.animate is bound to an animation.

I have a test that needs to test this function

it("tests the exit button click", () => {
  //verifies the element is no longer in the DOM
  const popUpWindow = fixture.debugElement.query(By.css("#popup-window"))

How do you properly test this function when there is a setTimeout()?

I was using jasmine.clock().tick(251) but the window would never disappear. any thoughts on this as well?


You could do one of two things:

1: Actually wait in the test 250+1 ms in a setTimeout(), then check if the element actually disappeared.

2: use fakeAsync() and tick() to simulate time in the test – a tick() will resolve the setTimeout in the original close(), and the check could happen right after in a fixture.whenStable().then(...).

For example:

it("tests the exit button click", fakeAsync(() => {

  fixture.whenStable().then(() => {
    const popUpWindow = fixture.debugElement.query(By.css("#popup-window"))

I suggest using the 2nd one, as it is much more faster than actually waiting for the original method. If you still use the 1st, try lowering the timeout time before the test to make the it run faster.


For services you do not need to call detectChanges after tick and do not need to wrap the expect statements within whenStable. you can do your logic right after tick.

  it('should reresh token after interval', fakeAsync(() => {
    // given
    const service: any = TestBed.get(CognitoService);
    const spy = spyOn(service, 'refreshToken').and.callThrough();
    // when
    // then

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