Flask cannot import enumerate? UndefinedError: 'enumerate' is undefined

Issue

I just write this code in a HTML page.

{% for i, val in enumerate(['a', 'b', 'c']) %}
    <td>
        {{ val }}
    </td>
{% endfor %}

UndefinedError: 'enumerate' is undefined

So, Flask do not support the enumerate?

Solution

As Or Duan says, Jinja2 has its own language. Looks like Python but it’s not Python. So the Python enumerate built-in function is not part of Jinja2 template engine. There are, however, some alternatives you can use:

If you want to enumerate the items in a list you can use the loop.index0 loop special variable:

>>> from jinja2 import Template

>>> t1 = """
... {% for val in ['a', 'b', 'c'] %}
...     <td>
...         {{ loop.index0 }} {{ val }}
...     </td>
... {% endfor %}
... """
>>> Template(t1).render()

Another option is to precalculate the enumerated version of the list:

>>> t2 = """
... {% for i, val in l %}
...     <td>
...         {{ i }} {{ val }}
...     </td>
... {% endfor %}
... """
>>> Template(t2).render(l=enumerate(['a', 'b', 'c']))

And also another one, could be even passing enumerate as a variable too:

>>> t3 = """
... {% for i, val in enumerate(['a', 'b', 'c']) %}
...     <td>
...         {{ i }} {{ val }}
...     </td>
... {% endfor %}
... """
>>> Template(t3).render(enumerate=enumerate)

Flask allows injecting variables automatically into the context of a template by means of Context Processors. So if you want enumerate built-in function to be available for all your templates, this could be a nice solution:

@app.context_processor
def inject_enumerate():
    return dict(enumerate=enumerate)

Thanks to Sean Vieira for this suggestion.

Answered By – dreyescat

This Answer collected from stackoverflow, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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