So I am currently trying to understand what formats a multi input keras model expect and don´t understand how to feed in several ones.
from tensorflow.keras.models import Model import tensorflow.keras import tensorflow as tf first_input = Input(2) second_input = Input(2) concat_layer= Concatenate()([first_input, second_input ]) hidden= Dense(2, activation="relu")(concat_layer) output = Dense(1, activation="sigmoid")(hidden) model = Model(inputs=[first_input, second_input], outputs=output) model.summary() model.compile(loss='mean_squared_error', metrics=['mean_squared_error'], optimizer='adam') # I managed to get the format for prediction and single training data correct # this works inp = [np.array([[0,2]]), np.array([[0,2]])] model.predict(inp) model.fit(inp,np.array(), epochs=3, ) # I don´t get why this isn´t working # this doesn´t work model.fit(np.array([inp,inp]),np.array([42, 43]), epochs=3, )´
Having read the keras doc of the fit function I really don´t understand why my version isn´t working:
x : Vector, matrix, or array of training data (or list if the model has multiple inputs). If all inputs in the model are named, you can also pass a list mapping input names to data. x can be NULL (default) if feeding from framework-native tensors (e.g. TensorFlow data tensors).
Because I am literally giving it an array of lists.
The last code line results in following error:
ValueError: Layer model expects 2 input(s), but it received 1 input tensors. Inputs received: [<tf.Tensor ‘IteratorGetNext:0’ shape=(None, 2, 1, 2) dtype=int64>]
Any help appreciated.
When you create the model
model = Model(inputs=[first_input, second_input], outputs=output)
This means that the inputs are expected to be a list of 2 tensors with shapes (2,) and one output with shape (1,) (as defined by the last Dense layer).
So, when you use as arguments:
inp = [np.array([[0,2]]), np.array([[0,2]])]
This is a list with 2 arrays of shape (1, 2)
which is an array with shape (1)
This matches your model definition. [Actually the output should have a shape of (1, 1)]
Is trying to feed an a list of lists of arrays with an overall shape of [2, 2, 1, 2] and a target with shape . This doesn’t match the model definition.
Since it is easy to get this wrong, i tend to like to build the arguments to the .fit or predict call first and then explicitly print their shapes…
x_train = [a, b] # where a and b are np.arrays print([x.shape for x in x_train])
For instance try:
x_first = np.random.rand(8, 2) # batch_size 8, feature_size 2 x_second = np.random.rand(8, 2) x_train = [a, b] y_true = np.random.rand(8) model.fit(x_train, y_true)
Answered By – Pedro Marques
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