How do you find the original user through multiple sudo and su commands?

Issue

When running a script via sudo or su I want to get the original user. This should happen regardless of multiple sudo or su runs inside of each other and specifically sudo su -.

Solution

Results:

Use who am i | awk '{print $1}' OR logname as no other methods are guaranteed.

Logged in as self:

evan> echo $USER
evan
evan> echo $SUDO_USER

evan> echo $LOGNAME
evan
evan> whoami
evan
evan> who am i | awk '{print $1}'
evan
evan> logname
evan
evan>

Normal sudo:

evan> sudo -s
root> echo $USER
root
root> echo $SUDO_USER
evan
root> echo $LOGNAME
root
root> whoami
root
root> who am i | awk '{print $1}'
evan
root> logname
evan
root>

sudo su – :

evan> sudo su -
[root ]# echo $USER
root
[root ]# echo $SUDO_USER

[root ]# echo $LOGNAME
root
[root ]# whoami
root
[root ]# who am i | awk '{print $1}'
evan
[root ]# logname
evan
[root ]#

sudo su -; su tom :

evan> sudo su -
[root ]# su tom
tom$ echo $USER
tom
tom$ echo $SUDO_USER

tom$ echo $LOGNAME
tom
tom$ whoami
tom
tom$ who am i | awk '{print $1}'
evan
tom$ logname
evan
tom$

Answered By – evan

This Answer collected from stackoverflow, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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