How to redirect while keeping form data using Flask and WTForms?


Let’s have a page with a registration form on it. It’s in section #registration. If user submits invalid data, the page should return him back to the #registration section and display to which fields were submitted invalid values.

I tried to render template and make response and redirect to it but I’m getting a TypeError:

  File ".../app/", line 28, in index
    return redirect(url_for('.index', form=form, _anchor='registration'), 302, response)
  File ".../python3.7/site-packages/werkzeug/", line 507, in redirect
TypeError: __call__() got an unexpected keyword argument 'mimetype'

The function looks like this:

@app.route('/', methods=['GET', 'POST'])
def index():
    form = RegisterForm()
    if form.validate_on_submit():
        # everithing OK
        return redirect(url_for('.index', _anchor='registration'))

    # If form was submitted but contained invalid information
    if form.is_submitted():
        response = make_response(render_template('index.html', form=form))
        return redirect(url_for('.index', _anchor='registration'), 302, response)

    return render_template('index.html', form=form)


You can’t send content with a redirect response, you can only say "go to this url". Also flask accepts a Response class, not an instance as a parameter for redirect.

To solve your problem, you need to use a session (or simply flashing) to preserve state across requests.

Here’s a prototype:

from flask import Flask, render_template_string, request, session, redirect
from werkzeug import MultiDict

from flask_wtf import FlaskForm
from wtforms import StringField, IntegerField
from wtforms.validators import AnyOf

app = Flask(__name__)
app.secret_key = 'secret'

class MyForm(FlaskForm):
    name = StringField('name', validators=[AnyOf(['secretname'])])

@app.route('/', methods=['POST', 'GET'])
def form_page():
    form = MyForm()
    html = '''
    {% for error in %} <span>{{ error }}</span> {% endfor %}
    <form method="POST" action="/">
        {{ form.csrf_token }}
        {{ }} {{ }}
        <input type="submit" value="Go">
    if request.method == 'GET':
        formdata = session.get('formdata', None)
        if formdata:
            form = MyForm(MultiDict(formdata))
        return render_template_string(html, form=form)
    if form.validate_on_submit():
        # use the form somehow
        # ...
        return redirect('/#registered')

    if form.is_submitted() and not form.validate():
        session['formdata'] = request.form
        return redirect('/#invalid')

if __name__ == "__main__":

When you run the server, you get:
enter image description here

After you submit an invalid form, you get redirected to /#invalid and form is populated as you’d expect:

invalid submission

Answered By – abdusco

This Answer collected from stackoverflow, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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