How to replace a commit with another one in Git rebase?

Issue

Say I’m working on a feature in a branch oldFeature. I’ve done commits A and B1 and sent it for the code review. In B1 I changed some existing files but also added newfile.txt.

In the meantime I started working in a branch newFeature, forked from oldFeature (HEAD == B1). I’ve added C, D, E.

Meanwhile, I got code review results and had to amend B1, changing newfile.txt, and also changing some existing files. After the fixes, it became B2.

So to illustrate it:

newFeature   oldFeature
A             A
B1            B2 [B1 with some fixes]
C
D
E

Now I’m in newFeature and I want to rebase newFeature to have B2 instead of B1. When I simply do the rebase, I have rebase a conflict due to newfile.txt being added in both parts of the rebase.

I want to keep the version from oldFeature (B2).

I can’t move B1 to the HEAD, because C, D, E depend on it.

I know I can do the following workaround:

Then I’ll have a situation like this:

newFeature   oldFeature
A             A
B2            B2
BX
C
D
E

where BX is more or less B2\B1 on the files that existed in A.
Now I can do interactive rebase and remove BX.

However my workaround is kind of convoluted. Is there a simpler way to do it? By simpler I mean, that I either have

newFeature   oldFeature
A             A
B2            B2
B2\B1
C
D
E

without any rebase conflicts, and then I can get rid of that B2\B1 commit, or to replace them automatically so I get

newFeature   oldFeature
A             A
B2            B2
C
D
E

Using Git 1.8.0.

Solution

You could do a rebase interactive:

git checkout new_feature
git rebase --interactive old_feature

and drop B1: you simply delete the line with B1:

# If you remove a line here THAT COMMIT WILL BE LOST

Answered By – VonC

This Answer collected from stackoverflow, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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