How to use custom manager with related objects?


I have a custom manager. I want to use it for related objects. I found use_for_related_fields in docs. But it does not work the way I used it:

class RandomQueryset(models.query.QuerySet):

    def randomize(self):       
        count = self.count()
        random_index = random.randint(0, count - 1)
        return self.all()[random_index]

class RandomManager(models.Manager):

    use_for_related_fields = True

    def get_query_set(self):
        return RandomQueryset(self.model, using=self._db)

    def randomize(self):
        return self.get_query_set().randomize()

I used it for one model:

>>> post = PostPages.default_manager.filter(image_gallery__isnull=False).distinct().randomize()

And tried to do the same with m2m related object:

>>> post.image_gallery.randomize()

Got an error:

AttributeError: 'ManyRelatedManager' object has no attribute 'randomize'

Is it possible to use a custom manager in the way I did it? If so, how do you make it work?


My models:

class ShivaImage(models.Model, ImageResizing):
    image = models.ImageField(upload_to='img')
    slide_show = models.BooleanField() 
    title = models.CharField(max_length=100)
    text = models.TextField(max_length=400)
    ordering = models.IntegerField(blank=True, null=True)

    objects = RandomManager()

class PostPages(models.Model):
    image_gallery = models.ManyToManyField(ShivaImage, blank=True,
    # all the other fields... 

    objects = RandomManager()


THIS IS ONLY SUGGESTED FOR Django 1.09 or olderDocs proof

Setting use_for_related_fields to True on the manager will make it available on all relations that point to the model on which you defined this manager as the default manager. This is documented here

class MyManager(models.Manager):
    use_for_related_fields = True
    # ...

I suppose you have it only enabled on your PostPages model, not on your Gallery model (or whatever the model is called that is referenced through post_image_gallery). If you want to have additionally functionality on this realtion manager you need to add a custom default manager with use_for_related_fields = True to your Gallery model!

Answered By – Bernhard Vallant

This Answer collected from stackoverflow, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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