How to use Flask-WTForms CSRF protection with AJAX?


Flask-WTForms provides CSRF protection. It works great when using normal HTML forms, but the process is less clear when using AJAX. I have a file upload in my form, and I split the process in two with AJAX: the file goes to the upload endpoint while the rest of the form goes to the submit endpoint. Since the file is posted with AJAX, it doesn’t get a CSRF token, but I want to protect the upload endpoint from attacks. How can I generate a CSRF token when using AJAX?

@app.route('/submit', methods=["GET","POST"])
def submit():
    form = MyForm()

    if request.method == "POST" and form.validate():
        # success, csrf checks out and data is validated
        # do stuff

    csrf_for_uploads = # generate csrf?
    return render_template('some_form.html', form=form, csrf_for_uploads=csrf_for_uploads)

@app.route('/upload', methods=["POST"])
def upload():
    myfile = request.files['file']
    # How do I verify CSRF now?


The documentation speaks a bit about implementing CSRF protection with regards to AJAX.

You can enable the module:

from flask_wtf.csrf import CsrfProtect


and then use this in your AJAX POST call:

<meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">

var csrftoken = $('meta[name=csrf-token]').attr('content')

    beforeSend: function(xhr, settings) {
        if (!/^(GET|HEAD|OPTIONS|TRACE)$/i.test(settings.type) && !this.crossDomain) {
            xhr.setRequestHeader("X-CSRFToken", csrftoken)

Hope this helps!

Answered By – Matt Healy

This Answer collected from stackoverflow, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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