MongooseJS: Having a hard time populating a list of comments

Issue

I have a schema called Post, and in the Schema, there is a comments attribute.

const mongoose = require("mongoose");
const Schema = mongoose.Schema;

const PostSchema = new Schema({
    user: {
        type: Schema.Types.ObjectId,
        ref: "users",
    },
    text: {
        type: String,
        required: true,
    },
    name: {
        type: String,
    },
    avatar: {
        type: String,
    },
    likes: [
        {
            user: {
                type: Schema.Types.ObjectId,
                ref: "users",
            },
        },
    ],
    comments: [
        {
                type: Schema.Types.ObjectId,
                ref: "comments",
        },
    ],
    date: {
        type: Date,
        default: Date.now,
    },
});

module.exports = Post = mongoose.model("post", PostSchema);

Here is my Comments schema.

const mongoose = require("mongoose");
const Schema = mongoose.Schema;

const CommentSchema = new Schema({
    post: {
        type: Schema.Types.ObjectId,
        ref: "posts",
    },
    user: {
        type: Schema.Types.ObjectId,
        ref: "users",
    },
    text: {
        type: String,
        required: true,
    },
    name: {
        type: String,
    },
    avatar: {
        type: String,
    },
    likes: [
        {
            user: {
                type: Schema.Types.ObjectId,
                ref: "users",
            },
        },
    ],
    replies: [
        {
                type: Schema.Types.ObjectId,
                ref: "comments",
        },
    ],
    date: {
        type: Date,
        default: Date.now,
    },
});
module.exports = Comment = mongoose.model("comment", CommentSchema);

When I print out the data accessed by a post, I get it like below:

{
    "_id": "630a82d564540e7196fe4887",
    "user": "6301a168783647db9f7a37c8",
    "text": "For the police I say ____ you punk, reading my rights and ____ it's all junk",
    "name": "e",
    "avatar": "//www.gravatar.com/avatar/8fd046f9f8f50ab2903fa9fd6c845134?s=200&r=pg&d=mm",
    "comments": [
        "630aa7c425ae8add2b275b53",
        "630a834959110e8e3305b471",
        "630a83200cd98eb07fb5f543"
    ],
    "likes": [],
    "date": "2022-08-27T20:47:17.888Z",
    "__v": 3
}

I have tried to populate the comments shown below but I’m getting an error:

router.post(
    "/commentOnPost/",
    [auth, check("text", "Text is required").not().isEmpty()],
    async (req, res) => {
        const errors = validationResult(req);
        if (!errors.isEmpty()) {
            return res.status(400).json({ errors: errors.array() });
        }
        try {
            const user = await User.findById(req.user.id);
            const post = await Post.findById(req.body.post_id).populate('comments');
            let newComment = Comment({
                post: post.id,
                text: req.body.text,
                name: user.name,
                avatar: user.avatar,
                user: req.user.id,
            });
            await newComment.save();
            post.comments.unshift(newComment);
            await post.save();
            return res.json(await post);
        } catch (err) {
            errorLog(err);
            res.status(500).send("Server error");
        }
    }
);
Sat Aug 27 2022 19:27:22 GMT-0400 (Eastern Daylight Time),  -> MissingSchemaError: Schema hasn't been registered for model "comments".
Use mongoose.model(name, schema)

Solution

In your Comment schema, you named model as "comment". But in the Post schema, you referenced it as "comments".

Change your code in Post schema like this:

comments: [{ type: Schema.Types.ObjectId, ref: "comment" }],

Answered By – NeNaD

This Answer collected from stackoverflow, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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